Mouse Garden

Friday, 24 July, 2009

Where to buy fresh milk

Filed under: Uncategorized — Admin @ 16:02

Here is what I found about places to by fresh milk http://www.realmilk.com/where1.html

Georgia

  • Albany/Bainbridge area: Strickland Family Farm produces pet-grade natural raw milk from grazing cows and goats; pastured poultry and ducks, pastured whey fed pork, eggs from free ranging hens and homemade soap. Located in the
    Colquitt/Bainbridge/Albany area, but deliveries are possible within a several hour radius (Colombus, Atlanta,etc.) with a minimum order. More information can be obtained by writing to tgstrick@juno.com or by calling (229) 758-8279.
  • Atlanta: "Star Provisions", 1198 Howell Mill Rd. Gourmet retail grocer. Sells many raw cheeses from cow, sheep, and goat.
  • Cherrylog: Smokey Hollow Farm, Frank & Pat Corker, (706) 635-7313 or goatmilk@smokey-hollow.com , www.smokey-hollow.com. Licensed to sell raw goat’s milk for animal consumption. Goats are pasture grazed and are antibiotic and hormone free. Also have goat’s milk soap available.
  • Colquitt: Peace Valley Market, Mary Lois Ebersole, 25 Peace Valley Lane, Colquitt, GA 39837. (229) 758-5115. Licensed sellers of raw goat milk for animal consumption. Goats are pasture grazed and are antibiotic and hormone free. Milk is $2.00 a quart.
  • Crandall: Petty Dairy, 459 Gregory Mill Road, Crandall, GA 30711. Derek Petty, (706) 260-0378Petty Dairy has recently been granted license to sell Raw Cow’s milk for pet use. This milk is hormone and medicine free.
  • Haddock: My Father’s Place. They are licensed sellers of raw goat milk for animal consumption and they sell goat’s milk soap. They also raise pasture fed chickens. goatlady01@alltel.net
  • Jasper, (NE GA mountains): Thornberry Village Homestead, attn Bob Hayles, 103 Mountain Crest Dr, Jasper, GA 30143. Phone: (706) 692-7004, email: bubbabob@ellijay.com . Licensed producer of fresh, clean, naturally raised goat’s milk "Pet Food-Not For Human Consumption."
  • McDonough: Robinson Family Farm, 230 Eskew Road, Yvonne Robinson, (770) 954-1167, nyrlerealgoats@joimail.com , NYRLE Real Goats Dairy, Fresh whole Raw Goats milk, licensed for pet consumption. In business since 1997. Always clean, wholesome, and free of any addatives or preservatives. Farm tours by appointment. Yvonne Robinson, nyrlerealgoats@joimail.com .
  • McDonough:The Good Shepherd Family Farm. They are a small dairy farm
    licensed in Georgia to sell raw cow’s milk for pets. Purebred Jersey cows graze all day on green pastures. They are followed by their laying hens in their "eggmobile" which eat the grass and bugs behind the cows, thus sanitizing the pasture. Call Kevin at (770) 274-9093 for milk and egg ordering information.
  • Newnan: Country Gardens Farm & Nursery, Mike & Judy Cunningham, 3728 Lower Fayetteville Road, Newnan, GA 30265. (770) 251-2673. www.countrygardensfarm.com , mikec@countrygardensfarm.com .Raw milk from jersey cows, grassfed. Also grass fed beef, produce in season, pastured broilers, free range eggs, pork will be ready soon.
  • Powder Springs: My Dad & Me Family Farm, Daniel Hammond, 3698 Velma Drive, Powder Springs, GA 30127, (678) 567-1826. Small dairy farm in Powder Springs, Georgia, that is liscensed to sell raw cow’s milk for animal consumption. They also sell brown eggs from free range chickens. Milk and eggs are hormone and antibiotic free, and Jersey cows roam the pasture day and night and are given alfalfa hay and grain and a mineral mixture at milking time. For ordering information call Leah Hammond at (678) 567-1826.
  • Rockmart: Carlton Farms (45 miles NW of Atlanta) is a licensed producer of Raw Cows Milk for Pets. Their milk comes from Beautiful Jersey cows that are grass fed with only minimal amounts of grain. Their milk is Hormone and Antibiotic Free. For ordering information or more info you can call Chad at (770) 655-1503 or email chadc@carltonfarm.com .
  • Roopville: 7B- Diary, 300 West Drive, PO Box 312, Roopville, GA 30170. Sheila Simpson, (770) 854-8754, sheilajsimpson@yahoo.com . Free range goats providing Raw Goat Milk for Animals, fully licenced. They also produce 100% handmade goat milk soaps & lotions. Their milk is hormone and antibiotic free. They also offer free range brown eggs. They are a family owned & operated business that loves and cares for their animals. Free 2oz bar of goat milk soap with every first order.
  • Savannah: Raw milk from South Carolina: http://health.groups.yahoo.com/group/SavMilkGroup/ or skarsman@gmail.com .
  • Southestern Georgia: The South Eastern Dairy Club – a yahoo group clearinghouse to locate legal nutritious high quality dairy products in the southeastern US. To join go to http://health.groups.yahoo.com/group/SEDairyClub/.
  • Thomasville: Sweet Grass Dairy, raw cow and goat cheese from pastured animals.
  • Winston: Waldrop Farms, Freddy Waldrop, (404) 277-3753. waldropfarms@aol.com . Raw Jersey Milk for Pets, no hormones or antibiotics, Grass fed.

 

One more place in Newnan http://georgiamilk.com/

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Tuesday, 7 July, 2009

Dairy Farm and Farmers Market

Filed under: Uncategorized — Admin @ 12:03

We have a farm not too far from Marietta. It’s called Cagle’s Dairy Farms http://www.caglesdairy.com and a farmers market right across a street from the farm The Cherokee Fresh Market www.cherokeefreshmarket.com. Vendors will need to fill up application and there is no fee to sell at that market comparing to the one we have in Marietta downtown http://www.mariettasquarefarmersmarket.net/ that charges a fee of $10 per day.

Wednesday, 17 June, 2009

FREE Computer & Electronics Recycle

Filed under: Recycling — Admin @ 11:03

There are two places that offer FREE computer & electronics recycle in Kennesaw and Marietta Georgia

CompletePcRecycling

2641A Kennesaw Due West Rd

Kennesaw, Georgia 30144

770-428-1998   678-918-0180

9AM -6PM M-SAT

http://www.completepcrecycling.us

Federal Recyclers

4513 Canton Hwy Marietta Ga 30066

770-591-0375

10AM to 5PM Monday though Friday

http://www.FederalRecyclers.com

Friday, 1 May, 2009

Миндалинам требуются очищение и массаж

Filed under: Health — Admin @ 15:55

http://beautyinfo.com.ua/m0c3i991.html

Природа предусмотрела миндалины как защитное сооружение на пути проникновения в организм различных инфекций. Иногда “сооружение” воспаляется. Описано более 80 заболеваний, так или иначе связанных с токсическим очагом, расположенным в воспаленных миндалинах: болезни ЛОР-органов, зубов, нервной, эндокринной и сердечно-сосудистой систем, позвоночника, пищеварительного тракта и многие другие. После удаления миндалин здоровье не всегда становится лучше.

ПОЧЕМУ В ПРИЦЕЛЕ МИНДАЛИНЫ?

Оказывается, миндалины требуют постоянного ухода – как зубы, волосы и другие “фрагменты” организма.

По строению миндалины напоминают губку. Впитывает “губка” все подряд: и разжиженную пищу, и микробы с бактериями. Попав в благоприятную среду (мокрую и теплую), бактерии начинают интенсивно размножаться. Организм не может допустить такой экспансии и срочно “пускает в ход” белые клетки крови – лейкоциты, которые проникают в трубочки миндалин (лакуны) и устраивают там довольно активную битву. Битва постоянно сопровождается образованием гноя. Гной – не что иное, как останки бактерий и погибших лейкоцитов. Погибая, участники битвы создают особые ферменты, которые как бы “расплавляют” ткани самих миндалин и образуют гнойные мешки (полости).

Но не все так плохо. Человек, сам того не замечая, постоянно “выжимает” забитые полости – во время глотательных движений, зевоты, напряжений мышц шеи, поворотов головы. Результат “отжима” можно увидеть в зеркале, если максимально сильно высунуть язык, то есть выполнить йоговскую “позу льва”. На поверхности миндалин или далеко на языке будет отчетливо виден жидкий налет беловато-желтого или даже зеленоватого цвета.

ЛЬВИНОЕ УМЫВАНИЕ

“Поза льва” – отличный способ не только прочищения миндалин, но и лечения больного горла. Если интересно, можете сравнить цвет языка до и после процедуры. Разумеется, налет лучше счистить, в идеальном варианте – серебряной чайной ложкой. После “львиной” процедуры откройте рот и выполняйте обычные, не очень сильные чистящие движения по направлению к “выходу”. Если появится сильный рвотный рефлекс, не усердствуйте, переждите приступ и в следующий подход не вносите ложку слишком далеко. Считается, что рвотный позыв чаще возникает, если миндалины сильно забиты гноем.

Как выполнять “позу льва”:

1. Вдохните и задержите дыхание.

2. Широко откройте рот, высуньте язык как можно дальше вперед и вниз к подбородку.

3. Одновременно с п. 2 прижмите подбородок к грудине.

4. Концентрация внимания – на мышцах шеи и гортани.

5. Продолжительность выполнения – насколько хватает задержки дыхания.

6. Упражнение выполняется не менее трех-пяти раз в один подход.

7. После завершения прополоскать горло подсоленной водой. Это необязательное условие, но существенное дополнение к процедуре, значительно усиливающее ее эффективность. На стакан воды берется половина чайной ложки соли.

ОЧИСТИТЕЛЬНЫЕ МАССАЖ

Когда не происходит естественного очищения миндалин (например, человек мало поворачивает шею) или их не очищают при помощи методик, гнойные полости могут сильно увеличиться, выйти за границы и начать распространяться в шейные ткани. При удалении миндалин шейные полости, заполненные гноем, становятся закрытыми мешками и могут превращаться в кисты, из которых выделяются токсины на окружающие ткани. Отсюда – фарингиты, потеря голоса, шейный остеохондроз и другие неприятности. С ними знакомы многие люди, которым делали эту несложную операцию.

Сильный способ прочищения миндалин – специальный массаж. Проводить его несложно, плюс в том, что для этого не нужен второй человек.

Подушечками большого и указательного пальцев около яремной впадины как бы обхватываем трахею. Затем проводим выжимающие движения вверх по мышце. Чтобы точно знать “дорогу”, поверните голову в сторону, в этом положении нужная мышца будет хорошо прощупываться. Пальцы должны идти не по самой мышце, а по ее переднему краю. Направление – к углам нижней челюсти или к ушам.

Под зубами мудрости пальцы меняют направление и движутся по мягким тканям под нижней челюстью по направлению к подбородку. Важно, чтобы путь проходил по самим гландам, причем обязательно надо захватить их заднюю сторону. (Гланды прощупываются как два уплотнения под углами нижней челюсти. Вспомните, как врач проверяет воспаленные миндалины.)

Во время массажа может появиться першение – это выжимаемый из миндалин гной раздражает стенки глотки. Некоторые начинают кашлять – если такое началось, прокашляйтесь и продолжайте процедуру. После массажа очень важно прополоскать горло подкисленной (лимонная кислота на кончике ножа, развести водой или лимонный сок пополам с водой) или подсоленной (1-1,5 чайной ложки соли на стакан) водой. Можно воспользоваться и яблочным уксусом – добавить небольшое количество в воду до выраженного кислого вкуса. Соленый и кислый растворы разрешается глотать.

Один сеанс массажа занимает от 30 секунд до минуты, дольше делать не надо. Это ежедневная процедура, делается утром и вечером. Не забудьте перед началом смазать горло снаружи вазелином или кремом. Массажные движения должны быть мягкими. Если болит горло – это тоже считается подходящим временем для того, чтобы начать массаж.

Понятно, что человек без медицинских навыков не сможет определить, насколько сильно у него “забиты” миндалины. Поэтому изначально надо исходить из того, что в миндалинах гнойные мешки есть.

Прочистить миндалины можно и другими способами – правда, не столь глубокими, как массаж.

Упражнение “колечко”:

– рот закрыт, кончик языка упирается в небо, поворачивается назад как можно дальше и фиксируется в этом положении – напрягаются мышцы гортани и шеи;

– концентрация внимания – на мышцах шеи, гортани и языке;

– продолжительность – держать мышцы в напряжении, сколько позволяет задержанное дыхание. Сделать несколько подходов. Прополоскать горло, как после “позы льва”.

Также благоприятно подействуют плавные повороты и наклоны головы вперед, назад и в стороны с обязательной фиксацией головы в конечной точке поворота. Такие элементы “встроены” во многие оздоровительные гимнастики. Регулярные занятия помогают избавиться от головных болей, уменьшить второй подбородок. Когда самочувствие станет лучше, миндалины можно очищать для профилактики.

У кого есть домашние физиотерапевтические приборы, может вместо гимнастики пользоваться ими. У кого их нет – пойте в прямом смысле этого слова. Звуковая вибрация – отличное средство для миндалин. Самые “физиологичные” песни – народные.

Thursday, 12 March, 2009

How to Root Plant Cuttings

Filed under: Uncategorized — Admin @ 14:58

How to Root Plant Cuttings

Rooting materials

Clean, coarse, construction-grade sand is suitable for rooting many cuttings. It is also excellent mixed with an equal volume of peat moss.

Vermiculite is a lightweight material used for rooting. It holds water well and promotes fine root growth.

Perlite is another excellent propagation material. It is lightweight and provides good aeration for rooting. Perlite makes one of the best rooting materials when mixed with an equal volume of peat moss.

Don’t use field soil as a rooting medium. It packs too tightly under wet conditions and is prone to develop diseases.

Compressed peat pellets are available for seeding and can also be used for rooting cuttings. They expand rapidly when soaked in water. Place them in plastic bags after soaking and draining; insert a single cutting in each pellet and close the bag at the top. No additional watering is necessary until the cutting is rooted and the bag opened.

Cleanliness

Pots, medium and equipment used for rooting cuttings must be clean and sterile. Pots should be washed thoroughly using a household cleaner and disinfectant. Tools also should be washed in the same solution or dipped in alcohol. Any rooting medium which is not known to be sterile can be moistened and heated thoroughly in an oven at 150 to 200 degrees for 20 to 30 minutes. Normally, peat moss, vermiculite and perlite don’t need sterilization when new.

Inserting the cutting

Promptly place the prepared cutting in the rooting material; stick the base of the cutting 1 or 2 inches deep, depending on the length of the cutting. Firm the material around the base and settle the medium by watering.

Care of cuttings

Never allow the propagation medium to dry out during the rooting process.

Since the cuttings have no root system, a high humidity must be maintained around them at all times. Clear plastic is inexpensive and easy to use for covering the cuttings. A plastic bag slipped over a pot is simple and airtight. Support the plastic with wire loops or stakes if need be to keep it from resting on the leaves.

Never place a plastic-covered container in direct sunlight. Too much heat will build up under the plastic and burn the foliage.

Care of rooted cuttings

The length of time needed for cuttings to form roots differs greatly among plants. Check the cuttings occasionally by carefully removing a few from the medium. When a cutting has roots at least an inch long, transplant it into a separate container.

The move from high humidity and moist rooting conditions to lower humidity and drier soil is the most critical step in successfully growing new plants from cuttings. Give these young plants close attention the first few weeks after the move.

A good potting medium designed for houseplants can be found at local garden centers or mass merchandisers and will be suitable for potting newly rooted cuttings.

After a cutting has become established in the medium, apply a soluble houseplant fertilizer according to directions. Then fertilize at monthly intervals. When the cutting is growing vigorously, normally in spring and summer, fertilizer may be applied every two weeks.

Division

Division is the easiest method of multiplying plants that naturally produce offsets or basal shoots. These new shoots usually have a few roots and can be separated and planted individually. Some plants suitable for division are listed in the table on this page.

Layering

Layering is a method of rooting a new plant while the stem is still attached to the parent plant. It is simple to perform and can be done in the home without special equipment or structures. Methods of layering include simple, tip, air and compound.

Air layering is the most suitable method for use on houseplants. It is convenient to do in the home and can be used with plants that would be difficult to root by any other method.

Mature wood, about one year old, is generally best for air layering. Old branches or immature wood often root poorly or not at all.

The air layer may be made at any point on a stem of proper maturity. On many plants a convenient location is 12 inches from the tip.

Air layering
  • Remove all leaves several inches on either side of the point where the layer is to be made.
  • From the center of the layering area, make a slanting cut upward an inch or more in length and about halfway through the branch. A preferred method of wounding is removing a strip of bark 1/2 to 1 inch wide around the branch (see Figure 7).
  • Apply a rooting hormone to the wounded surface or cut.
  • If a cut has been made, don’t let it heal back together. Insert a small piece of wood such as a toothpick in the cut to keep the wound open.
  • Take a handful of unmilled sphagnum moss that has been soaked in water and squeeze out excess water. Pack the moist sphagnum around the branch to cover the wound.
  • Cover the ball of moist moss with plastic wrap. An 8- by 10-inch sheet is generally large enough. Wrap it around the moss so that it overlaps and will not allow the moss to dry out. Clear plastic permits you to see when roots have developed.
  • Secure the plastic at each end with electrical tape, string, plant ties or other convenient fasteners. It will usually take a month or more before roots appear.
Compound layering

Compound layering is suitable for long vines that may be alternately covered and exposed. Wounds should be made on the lower portion of each curve.

After rooting, the branch can be cut into segments, each containing its own roots.

Care after rooting

Root systems of newly rooted layers are small in relation to the canopy. After they are severed from the parent plant and potted, the humidity must be kept high. Enclose them in a loose, clear plastic bag for the first week or until they are well established and do not wilt excessively.

Copyright 2000 University of Missouri. Published by
University Extension, University of Missouri-Columbia. UExtension

Types of Plant Cuttings

Filed under: Garden — Admin @ 14:31

From http://www.healthrecipes.com/plant_cuttings.htm

Types of Plant Cuttings

Cuttings may be taken from stems, leaves or roots. Herbaceous stem cuttings, sometimes called slips, are commonly used. Popular plants, such as African violet and begonia, are propagated from leaf cuttings. A few plants may be propagated by cutting their long stems into segments. Others can be propagated by simple division.

Herbaceous stem cuttings. The type of stem cutting most suitable for propagating houseplants is the herbaceous cutting. It is made from tender growth of terminal shoots. Herbaceous cuttings are commonly used to propagate geranium, chrysanthemum or coleus (Figure 1). Cuttings taken from a rubber plant, dracaena or croton usually contain more woody tissue and are frequently called softwood cuttings. Techniques for taking and rooting are the same.

Leaf cuttings. Leaf cuttings include only a leaf blade or the blade and a portion of the petiole. Leaf cuttings of plants such as African violet should not be rooted with long petioles. Trim the petiole to no more than 1/2 inch in length.

If a small portion of the main plant stem containing a bud is included with the petiole, the cutting is known as a leaf-bud cutting. Their use is limited. Hydrangea and rubber plants are sometimes started by this method.

Plants from stem sections. A few houseplants may be propagated by cutting 1- to 2-inch sections from the stem. These segments, without leaves, are placed in the rooting medium in a horizontal position and covered slightly. The table below lists a few plants that may be propagated this way.

Propagation techniques for selected houseplants.

African violet
Cut petioles 1/2 inch long. Place potted leaf cuttings in plastic bag.

  • Leaf cutting
  • Division

Arrowhead (Nepthytis)
Cuttings may be rooted in water.

  • Herbaceous cutting
  • Compound layer
  • Division

Asparagus fern
Keep young divisions constantly moist.

  • Division

Begonia
May be started from leaf sections placed on surface of rooting medium. Cleanliness important.

  • Herbaceous cutting
  • Leaf cutting

Bromeliads
Use well-drained medium high in organic matter. Orchid growing mix useful.

  • Division

Cast iron plant
Provide good light after division.

  • Division

Chinese evergreen
May be rooted or grown in water.

  • Herbaceous cutting
  • Stem section

Christmas cactus
Keep moist, but avoid overwatering during rooting.

  • Herbaceous cutting

Chrysanthemum
Cuttings from new shoots in early spring often make better garden plants than divisions.

  • Herbaceous cutting
  • Division

Coleus
Root in water. Easiest of all.

  • Herbaceous cutting

Croton
Slow to root. Cover with plastic. Give good light.

  • Herbaceous cutting
  • Air layer

Diffenbachia
Subject to rot during rooting. Do not overwater. Keep clean.

  • Herbaceous cutting
  • Stem section
  • Air layer

Dracaena
Stem sections relatively slow.

  • Herbaceous cutting
  • Stem section
  • Air layer

English ivy
Easy to root. Sometimes slow starting.

  • Herbaceous cutting
  • Compound layer

Episcia
Related to African violet. Tip cuttings grow faster than leaf cuttings.

  • Herbaceous cutting
  • Leaf cutting

Ferns
Keep constantly moist after division.

  • Division

Fuschia
Root easily. Prefers a cool temperature after rooting.

  • Herbaceous cutting

Gardenia
Vigorous new shoots root most easily in midsummer.

  • Herbaceous cutting

Geranium
Keep foliage dry during rooting.

  • Herbaceous cutting

Gloxinia
May be grown from leaf cuttings.

  • Leaf cutting

Hibiscus
Rooting hormones speed root production. Give bright light.

  • Herbaceous cutting

Hydrangea
Tend to root best in spring or early summer.

  • Herbaceous cutting

Impatiens
Very easy. May be rooted in water.

  • Herbaceous cutting

Jade plant
Keep fairly dry during rooting. Must have well-drained medium, e.g., coarse sand.

  • Herbaceous cutting
  • Leaf cutting

Kalanchoe
Use vegetative shoots, not flowering shoots for best rooting.

  • Herbaceous cutting
  • Leaf cutting

Lantana
Old, woody stems do not root as easily as more tender terminal shoots.

  • Herbaceous cutting

Maidenhair fern
Keep divisions constantly moist.

  • Division

Norfolk Island pine
Very slow. Use only terminal cutting.

  • Herbaceous cutting
  • Air layer

Orchid
Many types. Provide high humidity and well-drained organic medium.

  • Division

Peperomia
Root easily. Avoid excess moisture during rooting.

  • Herbaceous cutting
  • Leaf cutting

Philodendron
May be rooted in water. Spring and early summer give quickest rooting.

  • Herbaceous cutting
  • Compound layer

Poinsettia
Propagate in late August for home. Cleanliness important.

  • Herbaceous cutting

Pothos
Will root in water. Spring and early summer propagation usually most successful.

  • Herbaceous cutting
  • Compound layer

Rubber plant
Keep humidity high during rooting, or use air layer.

  • Herbaceous cutting
  • Air layer

Schefflera
Needs high humidity and bright light. Slow rooting.

  • Herbaceous cutting
  • Air layer

Shrimp plant
Easy to root. Give good light.

  • Herbaceous cutting

Snake plant
Place leaf sections in same position they grew. Will not root upside down.

  • Leaf cutting
  • Division

Spider plant
Very easy to root runners. Pot directly in soil mixture.

  • Division
  • Leaf cutting

Wandering jew
Very easy. May be rooted in water.

  • Herbaceous cutting

Wax plant (Hoya)
Use leafy shoots, not long thin vines.

  • Herbaceous cutting
  • Compound layer

Zebra plant
Use nonflowering shoots. Give high humidity and good light.

  • Herbaceous cutting

Suggested tree pruning

Filed under: Tips on Growing Trees — Admin @ 13:22

From http://www.weekendgardener.net/how-to/prune-apple-trees.htm

 

Suggested Pruning
When pruning just about anything, including apple trees, here is a list of situations you always want to prune out.
A. Suckers
B. Stubs or broken branches
C. Downward-growing branches
D. Rubbing or criss-crossing branches
E. Upward growing interior branches
F. Competing leaders
G. Narrow crotches
H Whorls

Protecting apple trees from codling moth

Filed under: Tips on Growing Trees — Admin @ 13:09

From http://www.weekendgardener.net/garden-pests/codling-moth-110611.htm

CODLING MOTH

Adults are gray-brown moths with wingspans of 3/4 inches long. Their wings have a fine coppery brown, wavy pattern, and the forewings are tipped with dark brown. Larvae are pinkish white with brown heads up to 3/4 inches long. Eggs are white disks. Codling moth is prevalent throughout North America.

LIFE CYCLE

Larvae over winter in thick cocoons under bark or nearby litter. They pupate in the spring, and adults emerge when apple trees flower. Females lay eggs on foliage and fruit, usually on the upper surface of leaves. Eggs hatch in 1-3 weeks, and larvae chew their way into the fruit core, usually from the blossom end. They feed for 3-5 weeks, then crawl down the tree to pupate. Codling moth can have 2-3 generations per year, 5-8 weeks apart.

PLANTS MOST AFFECTED

Apples, crab apples, pear and occasionally other fruit. In many areas they can be the most damaging pest in apple and pear orchards.

DAMAGE

The larvae ruin the fruit by tunneling to the core. An infested apple has a hole (usually near the blossom end) filled with dark masses of castings. Damage may not be obvious until you cut the fruit open.

MEANS OF CONTROL

Home Remedy:

  • 1 cup vinegar
  • 1/3 cup dark molasses
  • 1/8 tsp ammonia
  • 4 2/3 cup water

Cut a 2 to 3 inch (5.1-7.6 cm) hole into the top of an empty 1 gallon milk jug. Place 3 inches (7.6 cm) of the solution in the bottom of the jug. Hang several of these in the tree. This works well for apples pears and others.
Traditional Remedy:
In the late winter, scrape bark to remove cocoons; apply dormant oil sprays. Use sticky tree bands or bands of corrugated cardboard to trap larvae leaving the tree to pupate. Check for larvae and destroy daily. Diligent trapping of the first generation will considerably reduce second the generation. In large orchards, use pheromone traps to determine the main flight periods of moths; then time sprays to coincide with egg hatch or release Trichogramma parasitic wasps to attack eggs. You can also use pheromone twist-tie dispensers throughout the trees to confuse males and prevent mating. If used together with the tree bands, control can be achieved.

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Friday, 27 February, 2009

Growing beans and peas

Filed under: Tips on Growing Vegetables — Admin @ 14:30

This publication describes how to grow and harvest snap beans, lima beans, and garden peas to help fresh market growers maximize yields while minimizing production costs. It covers cultivars selection, fertility and irrigation needs, and potential insect and disease problems.

To download click here: http://learningstore.uwex.edu/pdf/A3685.PDF

Composting Hair

Filed under: Interesting Facts — Admin @ 13:23

Between 6 and 7 pounds of hair contain as much nitrogen as 100 to 200 pounds of manure. Like feathers, hair will decompose rapidly in a compost pile but only if well moistened and thoroughly mixed with an aerating material. Hair tends to pack down and shed water, so chopping or turning the pile regularly will hasten decay.

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